Sunday, May 24, 2020

The Critical Thinking Problems Plaguing Cobol And How They...

Abstract Critical thinking is essentially the process of analyzing and evaluating thinking in order to improve it. Success in critical thinking demands that leaders make reasoned decisions and adopt holistic perspectives. It also involves solving problems, deducing and inferring judgments, and being open to new approaches. Critical thinking is also the art of actively and technically conceptualizing, implementing, analyzing, processing and/or evaluating information generated through experience, reasoning, observation or communication. In simple terms, critical thinking is something individuals and organizations want and need to do well. Without critical thinking, chances of success as a leader are minimal. In this paper COBOL Systems, a fictitious IT company which deals in software and hardware, will be used as a reference point. The paper will focus on the critical thinking problems plaguing COBOL and how they can be solved. Key words: critical thinking, leaders, management, and organizations. Introduction of the Organization and a Discussion of the Organizational Culture COBOL Systems manufactures and distributes computer software and hardware. It deals with several high-profile companies in the United States, taking care of their IT needs and offering technical support. The company was formed in 2002 by two young IT graduates with ambitious ideas on how to approach the IT segment. COBOL has since grown to become one of the largest IT firms in the United States.

Thursday, May 14, 2020

How to Conjugate the French Verb Accepter

The French verb  accepter  means to accept or to take. It is a regular verb, which means that conjugating it to fit a specific subject pronoun is relatively easy. This lesson will show you how to begin forming complete sentences in French with the proper use of  accepter. Conjugating the French Verb  Accepter Just as in English, we need to conjugate French verbs to match the subject pronoun used in the sentence. The pronouns are the I, you, he, she, we, and they -- in French, its j, tu, il, nous, vous, and ils -- of a sentence that forms the subject. When we conjugate regular verbs in French, it is often a simple matter of changing the ending of the verb. Luckily,  accepter  ends in -er  and follows the uncomplicated pattern of many other  regular -er verbs.   This chart shows you the conjugations for the word  accepter  in the various tenses and with different subjects.  For instance, to say I accept, you would say jaccepte. Likewise, he  will accept is il acceptera. Subject Present Future Imperfect j accepte accepterai acceptais tu acceptes accepteras acceptais il accepte acceptera acceptait nous acceptons accepterons acceptions vous acceptez accepterez acceptiez ils acceptent accepteront acceptaient The Present Participle of  Accepter The French equivalent to the -ing ending in English is -ant. This is called the  present participle  and for accepter, it is  acceptant.  You can use this in various contexts as an adjective, gerund, noun, or verb. The Past Tense of  Accepter Passà © composà ©Ã‚  is commonly used for the past tense in French. With  accepter, the auxiliary verb  used is  avoir, so you will use a conjugate of that helping verb to express the simple past tense of   accepter. Along with the auxiliary verb, you will also need the  past participle  of accepter.  In this case, it is simply acceptà ©. To bring these elements together, if you wanted to say I accepted, in French, it would be jai acceptà ©. More Conjugations of  Accepter Those are not the only conjugations for  accepter, though you should study them first. Once you have those memorized you can worry about a few special cases. The subjunctive and conditional forms of the verb are used to express mood. Subjunctive mood refers to subjective ideas  or those that are uncertain. Conditional mood refers to something that may or may not happen depending on conditions. Passà © simple and the imperfect subjunctive will be used in formal writing. While not necessary to know, its good to be aware of them. Subject Subjunctive Conditional Pass Simple Imperfect Subjunctive j accepte accepterais acceptai acceptasse tu acceptes accepterais acceptas acceptasses il accepte accepterait accepta acceptt nous acceptions accepterions acceptmes acceptassions vous acceptiez accepteriez accepttes acceptassiez ils acceptent accepteraient acceptrent acceptassent The imperative form of a verb also expresses mood, but in this case, it is not necessary to use the subject pronoun. In this case, rather than saying tu accepte you can simply say accepte. Imperative (tu) accepte (nous) acceptons (vous) acceptez Similar Verbs to  Accepter Accepter is not the only French verb that means to take. It is used more in the way of accept or tolerate something. Other verbs mean to take something with (amener) or to actually take something (prendre). While you are learning how to use the verb  accepter, you will also want to look at these other French to take verbs. Understanding all of them as a group will help you know when to use which one.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Nightmares Becoming Reality Sleep Paralysis - 850 Words

Carson Ledbetter Miss Roth English 1-2 pd. 6 23 February 2017 Nightmares Becoming Reality Have you ever woken up at night after a nightmare thinking at it actually happened? This is primarily what sleep paralysis is. People who have experienced sleep paralysis have said that it s a terrifying event to go through. Very few people actually experience this and the majority of the people that do have some kind of health issue that is related with sleeping. Sleep paralysis is when a person is awake and fully aware of their surroundings but theirs brain and body are still asleep so they cannot move or steak and are completely paralyzed. Also, during sleep paralysis people start hallucinating and they can see unknown entities in the corner†¦show more content†¦People with anxiety usually have mental illness and it is caused by stress from the environment and by the brain changing. To be more specific, when the circuits in the brain that are responsible for fear and other emotions have trouble developing, it triggers anxiety. â€Å"Studies ha ve shown that anxiety disorders can run in families† (â€Å"Anxiety Panic Disorders Health Center† 2). This means that anxiety has a chance of being genetic. If parents or grandparents had or have anxiety, there is now a greater chance of being diagnosed with it also. Anxiety is another indication to why people experience sleep paralysis. Narcolepsy is another cause of sleep paralysis. People with narcolepsy experience sleep paralysis because with narcolepsy, the body is half awake while also being half asleep which causes hallucinations. â€Å"This is a disorder that is characterized primarily by persistent and excessive daytime sleepiness, which which is usually the first symptom to appear† (Utley 3). Since sleep paralysis is caused by lack of sleep, it could man that it is because of narcolepsy. The hallucinations people experience during sleep paralysis could also be stemming from narcolepsy as that too is known to cause hallucinations as well. â€Å"Narcol epsy can potentially be devastating in its effects on self-esteem, relationships, education, employment, health insurance, social life, activities, and quality of life in general† (Utley 4). Sleep is very important because thatShow MoreRelatedDreaming Is Your Brain Uses Images, Emotions, Or Ideas During Sleep Essay1799 Words   |  8 PagesWhat is dreaming? Dreaming is your brain uses images, emotions, or ideas during sleep. â€Å"It’s an experience of imagination that occurs in a number of states of consciousness: not only the sleep states of REM, non-REM, but also as waking dreams and near-death experience.† (Dream Studies Portal) The reason why we dreams is it â€Å"may be what allows us to sleep in the first place. â€Å"Dreams protect sleep, Solms says. 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Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Iimpact of Corporate social Responsibility Investment

Question: Discuss about the Impact of Corporate social Responsibility Investment. Answer: Research Topic and Significance The research has been carried out on the topic of the impact of corporate social responsibility investment on the business performance in the telecom industry of Australia. Corporate Social Responsibility commonly abbreviated as CSR is a series of steps and initiatives that a company or an organization takes to maintain the sustainable development and social well being of the environment. It also includes the policies and directives that are taken internally in the organization along with external relationships and business reporting as well. Telecom industry of Australia is huge and there has been a lot of investment that has been done in the area of CSR which has had an impact on the business reporting and performance (Crowther and Aras, 2008). Literature Review Australia is home to a huge telecom industry with some of the key market players in the field as Telstra, Optus and Vodafone. In the current era of digital innovation and with the advancement in the technology, there has been a lot of investment that is done in the field of telecom to come up with the environment friendly solutions. All of these decisions and initiatives come under the area of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) that has had a significant impact on the telecom industry of Australia. Telestra is a telecom company based out of Australia that has put massive investments in its CSR policies. The organization donated an amount of $1,561,280.27 for the Asian relief funds at the time of Indian Ocean Tsunami. The company holds a strong volunteer network of more than 4,000 individuals that spend close to 12,000 hours in the works of charity and well-being of the environment. There has also been active involvement in the areas of human health and workplace safety as well. Due to the business initiatives taken by the company along with its active CSR policies, Telstra holds the largest market shares in Australia in the telecom industry and the CSR reporting of the organization is managed by the business unit that is termed as the Community Relations Group of Corporate Relations. The organization has had a positive impact of the investments made in the area of CSR as it has been awarded with the National Award for the fantastic People Management. Also, there have been negli gible workplace injuries and incidents that have taken place in the organization. The employee satisfaction and engagement has also shown some marked improvement leading to the overall improvement of the organization (Telstra, 2014). Apart from Telestra, there are also a number of other Australian telecom companies that have also made some remarkable contributions and innovations in their CSR policies and decisions. Sustainability management and development through transformational solutions and operating responsibility has been prime focus of Vodafone. There are a lot many stakeholder groups that are involved with the organization and each of these groups has its specific set of CSR practices and policies that are defined. Health and safety, privacy and security along with human rights have been some of the prime focuses for Vodafone in its CSR policies that have had a high impact on the business success of the organization (Vodafone, 2015). Optus is another prime name in the world of Australian telecom industry that has also seen some marked investments in the field of Corporate Social Responsibility in the recent years. The organization invested $8.7 million towards community and managed to improve the literacy levels of close to 94% students. There are also 500+ volunteers that are associated with Optus that are contributing towards the initiatives of the organization. CSR and Sustainability Report: Financial Results of Optus (Optus, 2015) The statistics that have been shown above provide an indication of the positive impact that CSR and the investments done in the area have proved towards the business success. Research Questions The research questions that have been covered in this piece of work have been listed below. What is the meaning of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) and what is the significance of the same? What is the role of Corporate Social Responsibility in the telecom industry of Australia? What are the key players of the Australian telecom industry and what are the CSR initiatives taken by them in the past? What has been the impact of the CSR initiatives taken by the telecom companies of Australia in terms of business success and business performance? What are the further improvements that the companies can do in the area of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR)? Research Methodology There are a number of research methodologies that have been presented and explained such as basic research, applied research; problem solving research, qualitative research, qualitative research and many others as well. The research methodology that has been used for carrying out this research is the quantitative method of research (Rajasekar, 2013). There have been sustainability and CSR reports of various organizations over the years such as Telstra, Optus, Vodafone and likewise that have been referred and used as a base to gather the statistics of the investments that have been made, contributions that have been made and the profit and revenues that has been earned. There are also polls and questionnaires of various telecom companies of Australia gathered to come up with the literature review and the research outcomes and answers to the research questions. The numerical data that is collected through the data collection process is also utilized to analyze the overall impact of the investment that is made in the field of CSR (Kothari, 2004). Along with the quantitative research, there is also certain element of the basic research that has been used in this work of research that includes the fundamental and theoretical analysis and research process. Project Plan WBS Task Name Duration Start Finish 1 Corporate Social Responsibility - Australian Telecom Industry 97 days Mon 12/19/16 Tue 5/2/17 1.1 Initiation Phase 7 days Mon 12/19/16 Tue 12/27/16 1.1.1 Identification of the topic 2 days Mon 12/19/16 Tue 12/20/16 1.1.2 Planning of the Research - Schedule and Procedure 4 days Wed 12/21/16 Mon 12/26/16 1.1.3 Submission of the Research Topic 1 day Tue 12/27/16 Tue 12/27/16 1.1.4 Milestone 1: Research Topic 0 days Tue 12/27/16 Tue 12/27/16 1.2 Preliminary Search and Data Collection 14 days Wed 12/28/16 Mon 1/16/17 1.2.1 Preliminary search for information 5 days Wed 12/28/16 Tue 1/3/17 1.2.2 Identification of data sources 3 days Wed 1/4/17 Fri 1/6/17 1.2.3 Data collection and Sampling 7 days Fri 1/6/17 Mon 1/16/17 1.2.4 Milestone 2: Data for Research 0 days Mon 1/16/17 Mon 1/16/17 1.3 Research Execution 28 days Mon 1/16/17 Wed 2/22/17 1.3.1 Analysis of the data collected 7 days Mon 1/16/17 Tue 1/24/17 1.3.2 Preparation of Notes 7 days Wed 1/25/17 Thu 2/2/17 1.3.3 Literature Review 7 days Fri 2/3/17 Mon 2/13/17 1.3.4 Research Draft 7 days Tue 2/14/17 Wed 2/22/17 1.3.5 Milestone 3: Literature Review 0 days Wed 2/22/17 Wed 2/22/17 1.4 Control Phase 28 days Thu 2/23/17 Mon 4/3/17 1.4.1 Review of the research carried out 12 days Thu 2/23/17 Fri 3/10/17 1.4.2 Amendments as per comments 16 days Mon 3/13/17 Mon 4/3/17 1.4.3 Milestone 4: Review Report and Comments 0 days Mon 4/3/17 Mon 4/3/17 1.5 Presentation and Closure 22 days Mon 4/3/17 Tue 5/2/17 1.5.1 Presentation of the Thesis 7 days Mon 4/3/17 Tue 4/11/17 1.5.2 Final Business Research Thesis 14 days Wed 4/12/17 Mon 5/1/17 1.5.3 Submission of the Research Thesis 1 day Tue 5/2/17 Tue 5/2/17 1.5.4 Milestone 5: Final Business Research Thesis 0 days Tue 5/2/17 Tue 5/2/17 Gantt chart Research Process Research will be carried out in five major steps with their sub-steps as described below. Initiation Phase This step would include the selection and finalization of the research topic after analyzing the significance of the topic and the feasibility of the research as well. The initial planning regarding the research would also be done in this step covering the plan that would be used to carry out the research along with the schedule that will be followed. The plan would also include the finalization of the research methodology and technique that will be used. Preliminary Search and Data Collection The basic search would be carried out in this step along with the identification of data sources that will be used for collection of the data. Data sampling will also be done on the data that is collected from various sources. Research Execution The actual research will be carried out in this step which would include the analysis of the data that is collected and notes will be prepared according to the same. Literature review and the draft version will also be prepared in this step. Control Phase The step would include the review of the research by the guide and the changes and amendments will be done as per the feedback that is received. Presentation and Closure The final business research thesis will be prepared in this step of the research process which will be presented and submitted. Data Collection and Analysis Methods The research methodology that used in the research is quantitative research and the data that is collected for carrying out the research includes the data sources such as organization reports, news articles, polls, interviews and questionnaires. Business reports and documents are also used for collecting the data regarding the CSR initiatives that are taken by the telecom companies along with the year end and financial reports to understand the investment that has been made and the overall impact that is resulted out of the same (Gog and Paas, 2007). The data is analyzed using the quantitative method of research in which the data that is collected is studied and the patterns and relevant points and notes are made out from the same. The analysis on the data is carried out in a series of steps as inspection, transformation and modeling of the data. Inspection would include the study of the data that is collected which is then transformed in well defined structures to come up with data models to retrieve meaningful information out of the same (Chaleunvong, 2009). Expected Research Outcomes The research outcomes that are expected from the research include the answers to all the research questions that are listed along with the valid set of references for all the responses that are provided. The outcomes shall also include the literature review on the research topic of analysis of the impact of corporate social responsibility investment on the business performance in the telecom industry of Australia. Also, it would be attempted for the research thesis to be accepted with the minimal number of amendments and changes in the first version itself. The primary mentor and supervisor would be the research guide and the guide will provide the review and comments on the research thesis that is prepared. Conclusion Corporate Social Responsibility is a series of steps and initiatives that a company or an organization takes to maintain the sustainable development and social well being of the environment. It also includes the policies and directives that are taken internally in the organization along with external relationships and business reporting as well. Telecom industry of Australia is huge and there has been a lot of investment that has been done in the area of CSR which has had an impact on the business reporting and performance. The three major giants in the telecom industry of Australia include Telstra, Optus and Vodafone that have done some major work in the area of CSR and have positively impacted from the same. These organizations along with many others have also heavily invested to achieve the fruitful returns as well. The research methodology that used in the research is quantitative research and the data that is collected for carrying out the research includes the data sources such as organization reports, news articles, polls, interviews and questionnaires. The entire research is completed in a series of five major steps that make up for the research process. References Chaleunvong, K. (2009). Data Collection Techniques. [online] Available at: https://www.gfmer.ch/Activites_internationales_Fr/Laos/PDF/Data_collection_tecniques_Chaleunvong_Laos_2009.pdf [Accessed 21 Dec. 2016]. Crowther, D. and Aras, G. (2008). Corporate Social Responsibility. [online] Available at: https://mdos.si/Files/defining-corporate-social-responsibility.pdf [Accessed 21 Dec. 2016]. Gog, T. and Paas, F. (2007). Data Collection and Analysis. 1st ed. [ebook] Available at: https://www.routledgehandbooks.com/doi/10.4324/9780203880869.ch55 [Accessed 21 Dec. 2016]. Kothari, C. (2004). Research Methodology. [online] Available at: https://www.modares.ac.ir/uploads/Agr.Oth.Lib.17.pdf [Accessed 21 Dec. 2016]. Optus, (2015). Bright Ideas for a Bright Future. [online] Available at: https://www.optus.com.au/content/dam/optus/documents/about-us/sustainability/Sustainability-Report-2015.pdf [Accessed 21 Dec. 2016]. Rajasekar, S. (2013). Research Methodology. [online] Available at: https://arxiv.org/pdf/physics/0601009.pdf [Accessed 21 Dec. 2016]. Telstra, (2014). Corporate Social Responsibility. [online] Available at: https://www.telstra.com.au/content/dam/tcom/about-us/investors/pdf%20C/ar-other-information.pdf [Accessed 21 Dec. 2016]. Vodafone, (2015). Sustainability Report. [online] Available at: https://www.vodafone.com/content/dam/sustainability/2015/pdf/vodafone-full-report-2015.pdf [Accessed 21 Dec. 2016].

Sunday, April 5, 2020

The Role of Organizational Behavior in Management

Introduction Workforce diversity is a critical provision in numerous organizations. Evidently, various companies have implemented varying strategies to effectively address the challenges of this phenomenon. While referring to the best practices, used by Emirates Airlines, numerous strategies emerge. The first strategy is to recognize and appreciate all forms of distinctiveness within the workforce (Morgan and Vardy 87).Advertising We will write a custom research paper sample on The Role of Organizational Behavior in Management specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Contextually, employee vitality is a significant provision within an organization. Concurrently, organizational behavior studies individualized characters of the staff. It also illuminates on the effects of such characters to the development of the organization. The significance of managing cultural diversity is evident in the hospitality industry. Having researched more abou t it, this paper describes the role of organizational behavior in management. It also explains how diversity in organizations affects the management of a multicultural workforce. Emirates Airlines has been used in this context as the organization of reference. Evidently, the airline industry experiences high rate of international mobility. It is apparent that the management has to establish innovative strategies to deal with the cultural diversity issues (Brotherton 11). The basic rationale for management of cultural diversity is to enable smooth and effective business operations. Appropriate management of diversity creates a sense of tolerance and understanding amongst the stakeholders (Acevedo 34). Additionally, its effective management enhances an organization’s competitiveness, productivity and profitability. This is because the instances of conflicts are greatly minimized. Generally, firms that embrace effective organizational behaviors and viable cultural diversity mana gement techniques have a high competitive edge. Review of the Literature Evidently, workforce diversity is a critical provision in vast contexts. It is notable that various companies have implemented different strategies to effectively address the challenges and opportunities of this phenomenon. While referring to the best practices (used by Emirates Airlines as the case company), numerous strategies emerge. The first strategy is to recognize and appreciate all forms of distinctiveness within the workforce (Morgan and Vardy 123). This has helped in addressing the challenges and opportunities of workplace diversity with effectiveness in Emirates Airlines. Such distinctiveness can be harnessed to promote prosperity and expansion of the company.Advertising Looking for research paper on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In this context, diversity acts as an opportunity, which an organization can utilize to prosp er tremendously. Additionally, challenges faced in operations, market trends, business prosperity, and future growth can be handled effectively. This is only possible when diverse, qualitative, and novel opinions among employees are utilized profitably. It is feasible to have numerous options for handling various challenges within an organization. Hence, a focused organization should appreciate and enhance diversity within its premises as evident in the Emirate Airlines’ case. This will help in handling challenges and opportunities within an organization. In the context of organizational behavior, another evident strategy used by Emirates Airlines is the eradication of discriminative acts within the organization. Discrimination leads to demoralization of employees with a consequent reduction in productivity, job satisfaction, and organization’s output. Treating every employee fairly is important in enhancing efficiency and job commitment (Grà ¶schl 99). Additionally, it is crucial to train employees on the importance of diversity within the workforce and how it can be harnessed for the betterment of the company. Evidently, employees need each other in order to grow, attain their objectives, and propel the company into prosperity. Training employees to realize this provision is an important phenomenon. It makes them think differently and start valuing each other for mutual benefits. This describes the role of organizational behavior in the management of an organization. It also explains how diversity in Emirates Airlines impacts the management of its multicultural organization. Concurrently, the company embraces equality and fair remuneration in its operations. This is meant to enhance impartiality and eliminate prejudicial acts within the organization. Providing employees with equal treatments regardless of their racial, culture, age, religious, and sexual orientations is critical and considerable (Shakhray 42). Employees should also be paid fai rly. Previously, women were paid less than men, even if their job specifications were similar. This is no longer the case in companies, which embrace diversity. This has helped in motivating employees hence using this provision as an opportunity to prosper.Advertising We will write a custom research paper sample on The Role of Organizational Behavior in Management specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Motivated employees are quite productive, as indicated earlier. It is important to pay employees based on their qualifications, job specifications, and roles assumed rather their cultures, races, sexes, and other prejudicial provisions. This has helped in addressing the challenges and opportunities of workplace diversity with value. Another evident strategy is the fair recruitment and staffing of employees. This helps in getting the best and qualified staff regardless of another discriminative status. Most local and globalized organizati ons execute their recruitments and staffing activities transparently to avoid mishaps and undue favors (Groschi 99). This has allowed potential women to attain lucrative jobs and positions in numerous organizations based on their merits, capabilities and qualifications. This occurs regardless of age, race, and physical disabilities. Additionally, promotions are also handled fairly and only deserving candidates are promoted. This describes the role of organizational behavior in the management. It also explains how diversity in Emirates Airlines impacts the management of its multicultural organization. Interpersonal skills are vital in this context since they enhance exchange of ideas and coordination of duties. Such skills, if majored on, will enable the stakeholders Emirates Airline to establish effective relationships and build trust. This concept has been applicable in the Emirate’s Airlines concept. Linguistic ability will assist the organization to establish contact (Acev edo 91). Corporations within the hospitality sector should also encourage their workers to gain the motivation of living overseas. This enhances their cultural curiosity, which is a vital recipe for successful adaptation. The capacity of an organization as well as its employees to develop tolerance during uncertainties or ambiguities is critical. Global managers within the sector ought to develop the capacity to deal with multiple perspectives any time. The management system should also be flexible to contain such transformations in cultures and act as a role model.Advertising Looking for research paper on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Through organizational behavior, an individual requires the aspects of self-understanding in order to formulate how he or she can adjust to the changing environments with precision, appropriateness, and the desired relevancy. This will help in self-actualization, satisfaction, and creativity to avoid the looming life challenges that might affect an individual, group, or an organization with stringent adversities in the realms of performance. As proved by the study (regarding Emirates Airlines), individuals react differently to varied situations, thus indicating the differing levels of resilience witnessed in diverse contexts (Phillips and Gully 124). The sources used in this context are credible due to their well-researched concepts, credible authors, and relevancy in the context of organizational behavior and diversity management. Methodology The methodology used in this study was qualitative. It was based on personal experience with the organization. Additionally, it incorporated analysis of the secondary data already existing. It vastly discusses the aspects of organizational behavior and diversity management within Emirates Airlines. The report is provided after execution of an extensive study through application of clear guidelines and procedures from the initial stages to completion. As a preamble, the topic was developed by identifying the need to evaluate the contribution of adopting credible organizational behavior and cultural diversity management. Qualitative methodology is critical since the techniques are integral in enhancing communication and facilitating superior execution of activities. The research adopted purposive research technique/method that holds requisite incentives to ensure the realization of credible results. Qualitative technique was relevant in ensuring that the purposive nature of the study (to establish the impacts of organizational behavior and viable diversity management in Emirate Airlines) is achieved. This research went thr ough credible research design, literature review, primary data collection, data compilation, analysis, and derivation of the intended findings. The discrete data were collected from both males and females that operate within the organization and those who have experienced its management in regard to cultural diversity and organizational behavior. The age of the respondents varied from 22- 65. Concurrently, races differed considerably so as to experience how different races perceived Emirates Airlines. The job status also varied from mere cleaning officers to credible managers of the company. No questionnaires or structured interview forms were used since this was not a quantitative methodology. According to Merrigan and Huston (2009, 45), qualitative research technique provided the researcher with superior study mechanism that is relevant in executing investigations with well-orchestrated objectives. The technique ensures that the purposive nature of the topic under study is underst ood adequately. This will help in identifying viable sampling techniques, including respondent identification and delivery of credible information. The analysis of the experiences and the secondary resources used to facilitate this report revealed that implementing credible diversity management provisions requires absolute dedication and determination of various stakeholders in institutions. The realization of highly functional cultural diversity that fosters individual’s performance and communication requires eradication of inconsistent prejudicial practices that may compromise quality and harmonious coexistence within the company. Discussion Individual dynamism and workforce prowess are a critical phenomenon within an organization. It is crucial to adjust appropriately to the challenging situations that might engulf an organization. This is advisable to ensure that the attitude, approach, and performance of individuals remain apposite and competitive within the organization . Precisely, the matter considers the aspects of resilience at an individual’s level in the context of organizational behavior and diversity. Nonetheless, the fact is also necessary and applicable at group or organizational level. Individuals, factions, and corporations must be resilient enough in order to cope with the challenging macro-environmental situations. This describes the role of organizational behavior in the management of a firm. It also explains how diversity in Emirates Airlines impacts the management of its multicultural organization. Concurrently, prosperous organizations (Emirates Airlines in this context) have employed equality and fair remuneration, treatment, and opportunities to their employees regardless of racial distinctiveness. Providing employees with equal treatments regardless of their racial, cultural, age, religious, and sexual orientations is critical and considerable (Shakhray 134). For instance, previously, women were paid less than men, even if their job specifications were similar. This is no longer the case in Emirates Airlines, which embrace diversity. This has helped in motivating employees hence using this provision as an opportunity to prosper. Motivated employees are quite productive as indicated earlier. It is important to pay employees based on their qualifications, job specifications, and roles they assume. This has helped in addressing the challenges and opportunities of workplace diversity with value (Grà ¶schl 32). Another evident strategy, which emirates Airlines use to enhance establish viable organizational behavior so as to manage its cultural diversity is the fair recruitment and staffing of employees. This helps in getting the best and qualified staff regardless of their discriminative status. Most local and globalized organizations execute their recruitments and staffing activities transparently to avoid mishaps and undue favors (Grà ¶schl 98). This has allowed potential women to attain lucrative j obs and positions in this organization based on their merits, capabilities, and qualifications. This occurs regardless of age, race, and physical disabilities. Additionally, promotions are also handled fairly and only deserving candidates are promoted. Cultural diversity is a challenge to both individuals and companies. Most organizations within the culturally-sensitive industries have taken drastic policy initiatives. A policy herein refers to a statement or procedures that guide the stakeholders within organizations on how responsibilities should be conducted. Foremost, successful organizations apply diversity within their workforce to gain competitive advantages. Organizations have adopted policies that increase the cultural variety within their workforce. These have augmented the benefits of having workers of diverse backgrounds within these companies. To enhance their competitive advantage, recruit diversity has been a basic policy for most companies. Under this policy, the com panies have actively searched for employment persons from an array of cultural backgrounds (Marx 117). Emirates Airlines has also adopted policies that stimulate understanding of diversity benefits. In this regard, the management has used training programs to elucidate on the advantages of adopting diverse ideas within the organization. Additionally, trainings on brainstorming approaches have been incorporated. Teamwork policies have been critical in most culturally diverse organizations. When adequately incorporated, the policy helps to develop the feeling and spirit of unity as well as togetherness towards a collective goal. In teamwork, the objective for a collective goal overrides the diversity of members. This forms a quality recipe for competitive advantage within organizations. The vision statements as well as corporate policies should be sound and solid to enhance competitiveness amidst cultural diversity (Anca and Vazquez 45). The corporate vision statement ought to be cons tructed in a manner that reflects the organization’s commitment to cultural diversity. This should be backed up by a powerful vision. The company’s time-off policies should also prop up cultural uniqueness for holidays as well as religious observances. Other policies should also outline the training of managers on cultural diversity sensitivity. Conclusion The steady globalization trends, cultural diversity, demographic transformation patterns, and labor structures pose immense challenges to the management of Emirates Airlines. It is clear that understanding and controlling diversity through viable organizational behavior is critical to Emirates Airlines. Diversity offers enormous opportunities as well as benefits to organizations. To achieve a competitive edge, several cultural barriers, including communication obstacles, discrimination as well as stereotypes must be overcome. To increase knowledge and sensitivity on cultural diversity management, appropriate training schedule must be designed and carried out within the sector. This (among other provisions discussed earlier) describes the role of organizational behavior in the management of the company. It also explains how diversity in Emirates Airlines impacts the management provisions of its multicultural organization. Works Cited Acevedo, Laura. Strategies for Culture Diversity in the Workplace. 2012. Web. Anca, Celia and Vega A. VaÃŒ zquez. Managing Diversity in the Global Organization: Creating Business Values. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan, 2006. Print. Brotherton, Bob. The International Hospitality Industry: Structure, Characteristics and Issues. Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann, 2003. Print Gröschl, Stefan. Diversity in the Workplace: Multi-disciplinary and International Perspectives. Farnham: Gower, 2011. Print. Marx, Elisabeth. Breaking Through Culture Shock: What You Need to Succeed in International Business. London: Nicholas Brealey, 1999. Print. Morgan, John and Felix Vardy. D iversity in the Workplace. Washington, DC: International Monetary Fund, 2006. Print. Phillips, Jean and Stanley M. Gully. Organizational Behavior: Tools for Success. Mason, OH: South-Western Cengage Learning, 2012. Print. This research paper on The Role of Organizational Behavior in Management was written and submitted by user Isai Hardin to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.

Sunday, March 8, 2020

Racial Propositions a Book by Daniel HoSang

Racial Propositions a Book by Daniel HoSang The author of the book unravels some important principles regarding California’s electoral laws for approximately fifty years ago. The scholar argues that citizens of California were tough on immigrants because they could pass laws that barred them from enjoying public services such as health care and free education (HoSang 11).Advertising We will write a custom book review sample on â€Å"Racial Propositions† a Book by Daniel HoSang specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The author observes that undocumented immigrants could not access free services, apart from being harassed. Leaders in California went ahead to repeal programs that aimed at offering services to the public free of charge. The same policies had been passed as part of the affirmative action to end poverty and human suffering within the state. Academic sector was affected because bilingual education was done away with. The researcher notes that the state was end owed with many civil rights movements, multicultural population and liberal political culture. The scholar wonders why leaders would decide to come up with repressive and discriminatory laws in a region that enjoyed a diverse populace. He finally concludes that the nation is not yet appreciative of cultural diversity because laws designed tend to favor the whites and not other races. The author digs deeper to analyze how political ideologies shape policies in any given political arena. He posits that there is something more than a mere conservative-liberal divide. In this regard, the scholar notes that racial inequality is a matter of concern in the country even after the Civil War. He asserts that measures taken by leaders in California show a proposition pertaining to race and racism. Through his analysis, it is clearly understood that racial distinctiveness, inequity and power shapes decision-making processes in any political system. Though the writer presents American character as comprising of a single conflict, his works are valid in understanding American politics. Through review, it is established that blacks and other races have not enjoyed the spoils of society even after the war. The postwar analysis indicates that racism and ethnicity is a big problem to policy makers in America. Leaders are forced to bow down to the wishes of the majority, who are always the whites. Other races are not taken care of because they do not have representatives in government to lobby for them. The scholar analyzes power in a different way. He underscores the fact that power is a relational concept as observed by other scholars. The whites dominate the society implying that other races exist at the mercy of the white race.Advertising Looking for book review on social sciences? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The black race is perpetually subordinated and subjugated because they are never allowed to own p roperty. In this case, the whites are the bourgeoisies who own everything while the poor are the proletariat, who own their cheap labor. The rich individuals in society use their power and resources to obtain state power and authority. Such powers are further utilized in effecting domination and control. Other races are left with no alternative other than working hard to fulfill their objectives. In industries, workers are alienated, exploited and undermined. These categories are usually races from inferior communities such as Africans and Asians. Inferior races are only allowed time for exercising animal related duties such as eating, sleeping and procreating. The white race, which is dominant, enjoys services such as recreation and travelling to various places. The findings of HoSang are applicable in postwar America because other races continue suffering as the dominant races continue enjoying societal resources. Policies made are always favorable to the white race. For instance, the recent Arizona bill shows that states are still racially controlled. Immigration laws favor the whites, which give them an opportunity to exercise their democratic right of voting. HoSang, Martinez. Racial Propositions: Ballot Initiatives and the Making of Postwar California. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2010.

Friday, February 21, 2020

I'll attach it Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 250 words - 4

I'll attach it - Essay Example From the reads it is clear that anti-Semitism has been politicized and this has caused a lot of pain to the Palestinians. During the holocaust an estimate of six million Jews were killed. Jews have been regarded as aliens and for this reason received discrimination on the basis of religion and on biological characteristics. The United states have come to the protection of the Jews on the view that they are shielding their existence in this world. It should be noted that there is still genuine Palestinians who times might conflict with Israeli interests and this should not be a ground of inducing suffering to them. Palestine-Israel Conflict has cost a lot of American’s finances and this has caused a hitch on the part of the taxpayers. It is estimated that in the year 2002 this instability in the middle east especially the Palestine-Israel, did cost America $3 trillion. This is without factoring in other expenses that not quantified in this expenditure. This amount of money could go a long way to boost the American’s economy such as creation of employment, curbing inflation or development. It also through the Americans’ support for the Jews, that hostility has risen against innocent Americans which results to scenarios such as terrorism. This fact questions the diplomacy of America with mostly Muslim